بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
Punishment and blessings of the grave are topics that have to do with ‘Aqeedah‘ – topics that we must know about. The pillars of Iman, the punishment and blessings of the grave, the punishment of hell and the blessings of paradise; knowing and believing in all these leads to the reform of the heart, which in turn will lead to the reform of the external aspects of life, including the correction of morals on which a safe and secure life for society may be built.
We know that the cause of corruption, whether on an individual or group basis, is the lack of deterrent. the greatest deterrent is belief in Allah and in the knowledge that He sees all that we do, in private or in public, in secret or in the open.
We have lost so much in this world, yet losing out in the Hereafter will be even worse.
So, how can the deceased benefit after their death?
There are a few ways that the deceased can benefit from good deeds after their death, and they are:
Praying for them
The Prophet (PBUH) said: “If a company of Muslims numbering one hundred pray over a dead person, all of them interceding for him, their intercession (i.e.: prayers for forgiveness and mercy) for him/her will be accepted”
The Prophet (PBUH) said: “If a company of the people pray over a dead person, they will intercede for him”
‘O Allah, forgive and have mercy upon him/her, excuse him/her and pardon him/her, and make honorable his/her reception. Expand his/her entry, and cleanse him/her with water, snow, and ice, and purify him/her of sin as a white robe is purified of filth. Exchange his/her home for a better home, and his/her family for a better family, and his/her spouse for a better spouse. Admit him/her into the Garden, protect him/her from the punishment of the grave and the torment of the Fire.’
After the burial, the deceased feels the comforting presence of his brothers in Allah for a period of time equal to the time taken to sacrifice a camel and distribute its meat.
Amr Ibn Al-As (RA) said: “When you bury me, stay around my grave for the time it would take to sacrifice a camel and distribute its meat, so that I will be comforted by your presence, until I see how I will answer the messengers of my Lord”
All the believers and Muslims should pray for the deceased and ask forgiveness for them.
The Prophet (PBUH) said: “Whoever prays for forgiveness for the believing men and believing women, Allah will give him one reward for each believing man and believing woman (he prayed for)”
Praying for strength and forgiveness for them immediately after burial
Uthman Ibn-Affan (RA) said: “Whenever the Prophet (PBUH) had finished burying anyone, he would stand by the grave and say, ‘Ask for forgiveness and strength for your brother, for even now he is being questioned'”
Continuous charity (Sadaka Jariyah)
Continuous charity that he/she set up in their lifetime, beneficial knowledge and a pious son who will pray for him will continue to benefit the deceased after they have passed.
The Prophet (PBUH) said: “When a person dies, his deeds stop, except for three: continuous charity, knowledge that benefits others, or a pious son who will pray for him”
Charity given by the son of the deceased on his/her behalf
Aishah (RA) reported that a man said to the Prophet (PBUH), ‘My mother died suddenly without leaving any will. I think she would definitely have given charity (sadaka) if she had been able to speak. Would she have a reward if I gave charity on her behalf?’ The Prophet (PBUH) said, ‘Yes’.
Defending the borders of Islam
On defending the borders of Islam for the sake of Allah in this world, the Prophet (PBUH) said: “When a person dies his good deeds come to an end, except for his defending the borders of Islam for the sake of Allah (fi sabil Allah). This deed will grow (i.e.: in reward) until the Day of Judgement, and he will be protected from the fitnah of the grave”
May Allah protect us from the punishment of the grave and hell fire, and bestow upon us the blessings of the grave and paradise. We ask Him for the good things in this world and the next.
This excerpt was taken from the book, Grave: Punishments and Blessings, by Husayn Al-Awayishah.
The book is in eight parts, and covers questions such as: What happens just before the soul is taken? What happens after the soul is taken? And details what happens when death comes, the physical punishment of sinners in the grave, the sins for which the sinners will be punished in the grave, the Prophets and Barzakh, and things that will save a person from the punishment of the grave.
You can download the eBook, here.