Who is Allah?

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) described the greatness of Allah in the most beautiful way.

He is controlling the affairs of all the kingdoms.

He commands and prohibits, creates and gives provision, and gives death and gives life.

He raises and lowers people’s status, alternates night and day, gives days (good and not so good) to men by turns, and causes nations to rise and fall, so that one nation vanishes and another emerges.

His command and decree are carried out throughout the heavens and on earth, above it and below it, in the oceans and in the air.

He has knowledge of all things and knows the number of all things.

He hears all voices, and does not mistake one for another; He hears them all, in all the different languages and with all their varied requests and pleas.

No voice distracts Him from hearing another, He does not confuse their requests, and He never tires of hearing the pleas of those in need.

He sees all that is visible, even the walk of a black ant across a solid rock in the darkest night.

The unseen is visible to Him, and secrets are known to Him Whosoever is in the heavens and on earth begs of Him (its needs from Him). Every day He has a matter to bring forth (such as giving honor to some, disgrace to some, life to some, death to some, etc.)!

He forgives sins, eases worries, relieves distress, helps the defeated person back on his feet, makes the poor rich, guides the one who is astray and confused, fulfils the needs of the desperate, feeds the hungry, clothes the naked, conceals faults, and calms fears.

He raises the status of some and lowers the status of others.

It was narrated that some men came to question Umar ibn Al-Khattaab during his khilafah about the leadership of Makkah, they asked, “Who do you use to govern Makkah?” He said, “Ibn Abzaa.” They asked, “And who is Ibn Abzaa?” Umar replied, “A freed slave from those we freed.” They remarked, “You left a freed slave in charge of the people of the Valley (the noble tribes of the Quraysh)?!” So he answered them, “Verily he is a reader of the Book of Allah and is knowledgeable about the obligations of the Muslims. Haven’t you heard the statement of your Messenger: “Verily Allah raises some people by this Book and lowers others by it” [Muslim].

Even if all the inhabitants of heaven and earth, the first and the last of them, mankind and jinn alike, were to be as pious as the most pious among them, this would not increase His sovereignty in the slightest; if they all, the first and the last of them, mankind and jinn alike, were to be as rebellious as the most rebellious among them, this would not decrease His sovereignty in the slightest.

The Prophet (PBUH) relates to us that Allah says: “O My servants! If the first of you and the last of you, human of you and jinn of you, were as the most God-fearing heart of any single man among you, this would not increase My dominion in the least. O My servants! If the first of you and the last of you, human of you and jinn of you, were as the most sinful heart of any single man among you, this would not decrease My dominion in the least. O My servants! If the first of you and the last of you, human of you and jinn of you, were to stand as one and ask of Me and I were to give each person what he asked for, it would not diminish what I have, any more than the ocean would be diminished if a needle were dipped into it” [Sahīh Muslim].

If everything in heaven and on earth, the first and the last of them, mankind and jinn, living and dead, animate and inanimate, were to stand in one place and ask of Him, and He were to give them everything that they asked for, this would not decrease what He has by even an atom’s weight.

The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said that Allah (SWT) said in a Hadith Qudsi regarding the extent of His Infinite wealth and treasures:  “O My servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you, to rise up in one place and make a request of Me, and were I to give everyone what he requested, that would not decrease what I have, any more than that a needle decreases the sea, if put into it” [Hadith Qudsi].

He is the First, before Whom there is nothing, and the Last, after Whom there is nothing.

He is the Most deserving of being remembered, the Most deserving of being worshiped, the Most deserving of being thanked. He is the Most Compassionate of kings, the Most Generous of those who are asked.

He is the King Who has no partner or associate, the One who has no rival, the Self-Sufficient Master, Who has no son, the Most High, and there is none like unto Him.

Everything will perish save His face. And everything will vanish except His sovereignty.

He will not be obeyed except by His permission, and He will not be disobeyed except with His knowledge.

He is obeyed, so He shows His appreciation, and He is disobeyed, so he forgives.

Anas (RA) said that he heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) say: “Allah the Exalted said: “O son of Adam! As long as you invoke Me and plead to Me, I will forgive you whatever you have committed, and I will not make much of it. O son of Adam! If your evil deeds reach the borders of the sky, and then you ask Me for forgiveness, I will forgive you. O son of Adam! If you bring forth the earth full of errors, then you meet Me while you do not associate anything (or anyone) with Me, I will bring forth for you its full of forgiveness” [At-Tirmidhee].

Every punishment on His part is justice, and every blessing from Him is a favour.

He is the closest of witnesses and the nearest of protectors.

He seizes people by their forelocks, records their deeds and decrees the appointed time for all things.

Hearts conceal nothing from Him, for secrets are known to Him.

His gift is a word and His punishment is a word: Verily, His Command, when He intends a thing, is only that He says to it, Be! and it is.

This is Allah, who revealed the Glorious Quran for the guidance of mankind.

(Adapted from al-Waabil al-Sayib, p. 125. Quran verses added by us – may Allah (SWT) forgive us if we have wronged.)

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