بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
“On the authority of Abu Abbas Abdullah bin Abbas (RA) who said: One day I was behind the Prophet (SAW) [riding on the same mount] and he said, “O young man, I shall teach you some words [of advice]: Be mindful of Allah and Allah will protect you. Be mindful of Allah and you will find Him in front of you. If you ask, then ask Allah [alone]; and if you seek help, then seek help from Allah [alone]. And know that if the nation were to gather together to benefit you with anything, they would not benefit you except with what Allah had already prescribed for you. And if they were to gather together to harm you with anything, they would not harm you except with what Allah had already prescribed against you. The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried.” – [At-Tirmidhi]
The Prophet (SAW) begins the hadith by saying “Be mindful of Allah, and Allah will protect you” – here is a reminder of our duties to Allah (SWT), that we should be obedient to Allah, ordering whatever He has ordered and forbidding whatever He has forbidden. Being mindful of Allah is not limited to our religion only, but it encompasses our family, wealth, community and ourselves too. Here we also learn that whoever is not mindful of Allah, then he does not deserve Allah’s (SWT) protection, so we are encouraged to be mindful of the limits set by Allah (SWT).
Then the second statement: “Be Mindful of Allah and you will find Him in front of you” means that we should perform our actions for the sake of Allah (SWT) and out of obedience to Him, and that we should not let ourselves oppose, or succumb to disobedience towards, Allah (SWT).
The meaning of “you will find Him in front of you” is that we will find Allah (SWT) directing us to every good, bringing us close to it, guiding us to it and in times of difficulty we will find Allah (SWT) with us. Thus we must remember Allah at all times: when we become acquainted with Allah (SWT) by obeying Him and making duaa to him in times of ease, good health and prosperity, Allah (SWT) becomes acquainted with us in our times of adversity, so He is kind to us, aids us, and removes our hardship.
As for the Prophet’s statement “If you ask, then ask Allah [alone]; and if you seek help, then seek help from Allah [alone]“, it guides us to having trust and reliance upon our Protector, and that we should not take any deity in worship except Him, and that we should not depend upon or be attached to anyone other than Him in all our affairs, no matter how small they may be. For it is by His Hand that the heavens and the earth are governed, so He will aid us if He wills.
Thus relying upon others than Allah in our desires, heart and hopes, means turning away from Allah (SWT) to those who cannot hurt nor benefit us, without Allah’s decree or will. And so we must put our hope in Allah (SWT) and we should not turn to the creation since the creation does not have the power to harm or benefit.
Understanding this, leads us to the next statement in the Prophet’s hadith: “And know that if the nation were to gather together to benefit you with anything, they would not benefit you except with what Allah had already prescribed for you. And if they were to gather together to harm you with anything, they would not harm you except with what Allah had already prescribed against you”
This is the essence of belief in the divine will and destiny (iman in qadr) – an obligatory belief in Islam – the good of it and the bad of it. Once we, the believers, have conviction (yaqin) in this, we will see no benefit in asking from other than Allah (SWT) or seeking help from other than Allah (SWT).
And for the Prophet’s (SAW) closing statement “the Pens have been lifted and the Pages have dried“, it further emphasizes what has preceded, and serves to remind us that Allah (SWT) alone controls all destinies and has ultimate power over all things.
Any benefit received from reading this is from Allah (SWT), and any mistake I and others have made in this article is from our own selves and Shaytan.